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First Name: Henry Valentine Last Name: HART
Date of Death: 24/08/1914 Lived/Born In: Whitechapel
Rank: Gunner Unit: Royal Field Artillery 23 Brigade 109 Battery
Memorial Site:

Current Information:




Frameries Communal Cemetery, Belgium


The Battle of Mons  August 23, 1914

This was the first battle fought by the British Army (BEF) in the war. Since landing in France ten days earlier the four infantry divisions and five cavalry brigades of the BEF had advanced to a position on the left flank of the French Armies only to find themselves directly in the line of the advance of the German First Army as they swept through Belgium and headed for Paris.

With orders to hold the German advance for 24hours and outnumbered two to one, the BEF dug in along the Mons-Conde canal. The battle commenced at 9am and lasted all day. By nightfall the BEF had withdrawn to a position along the Valenciennes-Maubeuge road, a position from which the Great Retreat began the next day. British casualties, killed, wounded or missing, amounted to 1600 for the battle. German casualties were higher.

The 109th Battery was part of 23 Brigade, Royal Field Artillery attached to the 3rd Division. On 24th August, 1914,  3rd Division fell back from Mons but in the afternoon, when the Germans began to follow them, a rearguard action by the 1st Lincolnshire battalion and  109 Battery, halted their progress for a time. One of the casualties suffered by 109th Battery on this day was Henry Hart.


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