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Thiepval Memorial Thiepval Memorial
First Name: Kenneth Roger John Last Name: SMITH
Date of Death: 01/07/1916 Lived/Born In: Holborn
Rank: Rifleman Unit: London12
Memorial Site: Thiepval Memorial

Current Information:


14 Nigel Buildings, Bourne Estate, Holborn

The opening day of the Battle of the Somme 1st July 1916

This was a disastrous day for the British Army in France. Eleven divisions of Fourth Army attacked along a 15 mile front from Maricourt to Serre. Two further divisions of Third Army launched a diversionary attack just to the north of Serre at Gommecourt. For a week beforehand the British artillery pounded the German trenches but the Germans had been there for a long time and they had constructed deep, concrete reinforced shelters beneath their trenches and many survived the bombardment. The troops went over the top at 7.30am but even before they had left their overcrowded trenches, many had been killed or maimed by German artillery. The Germans knew that they were coming. Once in No-Man’s-Land the artillery continued to take its toll and then the machine guns opened up on the advancing British infantry. They fell in their thousands and the attack came to a standstill almost everywhere. Survivors sought cover wherever they could find it and at night they crawled back to their own lines, often dragging a wounded soldier with them. Only in the south were any advances made with the attack on Fricourt and Mametz. Over 19,000 British soldiers were killed on this day, including 2,500 from London.

The attack on Gommecourt

The 56th (London) Division and the 46th (North Midland) Division carried out the diversionary attack on Gommecourt. It was intended to draw German reserves away from the main battle further south and to pinch out the Gommecourt salient. It failed on both counts. The German defences at Gommecourt were among the strongest any British attack faced on 1st July. Nevertheless 56th Division’s attack on the southern edge of the salient began promisingly. The first two German lines were taken but they could get no further. 46th Division’s attack came to grief on the uncut wire and by the end of a very bloody day, all but the dead and injured were back in their own trenches.

12th London (The Rangers) 168Brigade 56th Division

On 1st  July  12th and 14th London led the attack by 168 Brigade.They had a very wide stretch of No Man’s Land to cross and the German fire was so intense that very few made it across. Especially deadly was a single light  German gun (or pair of guns) enfilading from a hidden point 3000 yards south-east of the head of the Puisieux valley. However some did make it into the first two German trenches and there were even encroachments into the German third line. With the failure of the attack by 46th Division on their left, more and more German reinforcements were sent to oppose them and it was impossible to bring any reinforcements or supplies across . By early evening there were only about 70 soldiers left in the German front line trench and within a few hours the last few survivors made it back to their own lines.

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