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First Name: Frederick Last Name: BUCK
Date of Death: 26/10/1914 Lived/Born In: Mile End
Rank: Private Unit: Border2
Memorial Site:

Current Information:

Born-Bethnal Green

Zantvoorde British Cemetery, Belgium


First Battle of Ypres

Between 21st October and 22nd November, 1914 a desperate fight took place around the Belgium city of Ypres, the first of three major battles that were to be fought there during the course of the war. British troops entered Ypres in October. The 1st and 2nd Divisions plus the 3rd Cavalry Division had made their way up from the Aisne as part of the “Race to the Sea”, whilst the 7th Division came west to Ypres after Antwerp had fallen. The Germans knew that Ypres was the gateway to the Channel ports and that these were vital to Britain’s war effort so they poured reinforcements into the area. The fighting fell into three distinct battles; the Battle of Langemarck, 21-24 October, the Battle of Gheluvelt, 29-31 October and the Battle of NonneBosschen, 11 November. Ypres did not fall to the Germans but its defence during these two months resulted in the destruction of much of the old regular British Army.

By 26th October the British troops in the Ypres salient were near breaking point and there were instances of them abandoning their trenches after putting up only a token resistance. 20th Brigade of 7th Division were in the line at Kruiseecke at the point of the salient where there was simply a 300 yard street running north-south on the top of the rise of ground with a few outlying houses on the eastern side.  The British line was entirely on the forward slopes and therefore exposed and after a night of bombardment they were subjected to an infantry attack in the morning. The trenches of the two companies of 2nd Scots Guards holding the apex were completely destroyed and many men were buried alive.  Some were dug out, others died.  Later the same fate befell the 1st Grenadier Guards, 1st South Staffordshire and 2nd Border battalions and at 9 am German troops began to emerge from the woods in which they had concentrated overnight.  Aided by the hedges a party of fifty of the enemy infiltrated between 2nd Scots Guards and 1st South Staffordshire and remained hidden in the woods behind the British line.  At midday they broke through the southern face of the salient, overwhelming the two companies of 2nd Border there of whom only seventy escaped.  The Germans swept into Kruiseecke behind the companies of 2nd Scots Guards and the company of 1st Grenadier Guards who had been ordered to hold at all costs. By the early afternoon the two companies of 2nd Scots Guards were entirely cut off and over 300 were captured in small parties.  Two platoons of 1st Grenadier Guards were sacrificed whilst the others fought their way out.  A disaster was avoided when the reserve of 2nd Border checked the Germans on the line of Brigade HQ after which a new firing line, which cut off the Kruiseecke salient, was established with the supports and remnants of 2nd Scots Guards, 2nd Border and 1st South Staffordshire. Among the many casualties on this day was Frederick Buck of 2nd Border.

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