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First Name: John Last Name: BATES
Date of Death: 20/09/1914 Lived/Born In: Islington
Rank: Lance Corporal Unit: West Yorkshire1
Memorial Site: La Ferte-sous-Jouarre Memorial, France

Current Information:

Age-38

13 Duncan Terrace, Islington

The Battle of the Aisne 13th September -28 September

After the Germans were defeated on the Marne they fell back to the River Aisne, closely pursued by both the British and the French. The new German line was a very formidable defensive position. To attack it  meant  having to cross the Aisne and then climb up a 500 foot high ridge on top of which was the Chemin des Dames, a road that gave the Germans an easy way to move troops along the top of the hills. On 13th September the Aisne was crossed by both British and French troops but after that progress became slower, until there was no progress at all. Both sides dug in and the fighting settled down into trench warfare. The fighting on the Aisne continued for two weeks at the end of which both sides realised that frontal attacks on entrenched positions were both costly and non-productive, not that this deterred them from continuing with this tactic throughout the war.

On 20th September there was a general attack by the VII Reserve Corps of German Seventh Army on the Aisne front. A dawn attack on French troops immediately on the right of the British line, drove them back out of their trenches and put great pressure on the right of the British line. In a day of heavy fighting, often hand to hand, the Germans were finally pushed back to their own lines. 1st West Yorkshire, 18 Brigade, 6th Division, were on the extreme right of the British line next to the French unit that were driven out of their trenches, which left the right flank of 1st West Yorkshire in the air and unprotected. Unfortunately, when the French troops rallied and regained their trenches they then fired on 1st West Yorkshire, mistaking them for Germans and inflicted 30 casualties on them in the process. Two squadrons of cavalry were sent to support and the line was stabilised. A second German attack mid-morning was repulsed but when they attacked again at 1 pm, during a heavy storm, again the French unit gave way and again 1st West Yorkshire threw out a company on its right and asked for help from 2 Cavalry Brigade at Paissy. But this time the Germans occupied the abandoned trenches and opened up a heavy enfilade fire on 1st West Yorkshire They then charged and captured the remnants of the right company.  They then worked down the line and within 30 minutes had captured the trenches of 1st West Yorkshire and the two companies in them.  The remaining company tried to retrieve the situation but could not and fell back on the cavalry at Paissy.  

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